LEARN about MOLDOVA
Moldova or officially Republic of Moldova is a South-Eastern Europe country, bordering Romania on the west and Ukraine on the east. Despite the fact that Moldova is landlocked, it is connected to the Black Sea through a port on the Danube near Giurgiulesti village.
Romania borders Moldova to the west and Ukraine is to the east. Bulgaria isn’t far away, it’s easily reached through Romania; and Turkey is to the south and south-east, reached through Romania and Bulgaria by bus, or across the Black Sea.
Moldova is quite a small country, especially in comparison to its neighbours Ukraine and Romania. It has
a landmass of 33.843 sq km.
The capital city of Moldova is Chișinău, which is located in the center-south of the country. You pronounce Chișinău “KISH-ee-now”.
The official language of Moldova is Romanian, and Russian is also widely spoken by Moldovan people.
A Turkish dialect called Gaguaz is spoken in some areas. However, Gagauz, is in danger of dying out.
Spoken in the Autonomous Region of Gagauz, the Turkic language is classed as critically endangered
by Unesco. English is not widespread, though it is now being taught at school from the first year of study.
Many younger people and people in the tourism industry speak good English, but it is not common among older Moldovan people.
Moldova has a temperate climate, with hot summers and winters that can be quite cold. Lows go below
0 in winter and highs in summer hover around 27-30. It’s mostly dry, with rainfalls in early summer and
in October. Moldova is a parliamentary republic. It was part of Romania until the Second World War,
when it became part of the USSR. It declared independence in 1991 and joined the UN in 1992. In 2014
it signed the Association Agreement with the European Union.
Moldova is a relatively new country that is rapidly opening up. It signed the Association Agreement with
the European Union in 2014, so although it’s not a member it is associated with the EU, and may be able
to join in the future.
What is Moldova famous for?
What is Moldova best known for? Moldova is perhaps best known for its wine, which is absolutely delicious. Most Moldovan families make wine at home, so the wineries chiefly produce wines for export. This is a relatively new industry and it’s growing fast. There are also a lot of amazing religious buildings and institutions in Moldova, including churches and monasteries. There are castles and fortresses dating back to medieval times, as well as historical monuments to visit.
Since wine is such an important part of the culture, visit during the first weekend of October to take part
in the annual wine festival. This festival has been running for 15 years and now that citizens of most countries don’t need a visa to enter the country, it’s a lot easier to get to.
If you want to get out of the city, consider an overnight stay at Butuceni Eco-resort, or at one of the wineries that offer accommodation (like Purcari or Chateau Vartely; Asconi, Castel Mimi, and Et Cetera are
in the process of creating accommodation).